ANTI-PERSONNEL LAND MINES
WHEREAS, members of the Philadelphia Bar Association through the International Human Rights Committee have become acquainted with the issue of anti-personnel landmines and the International Law and human rights issues raised by the use of such mines;
WHEREAS, the investigation of the committee has disclosed the following:
- Landmines kill or maim an estimated 26,000 persons each year, one victim every 22 minutes.
- Up to 4 out of every 5 victims is a civilian, not a combatant.
- One of the biggest threats to the safety of American troops now serving in the former Yugoslavia is from landmines.
- The problem is growing because while approximately 80,000 landmines are cleared each year, approximately 2.5 million are placed.
, members of the Philadelphia Bar Association have become aware of certain legal issues raised by the use of these weapons and that among these issues are:
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED
- The use of anti-personnel landmines is violative of International Law in that it does not discriminate between combatant and non-combatant civilian victims.
- The use of anti-personnel landmines is violative of International Law because the damage done by the mines is far out of proportion to any legitimate combat aim.
- The use of anti-personnel landmines is violative of International Law because the mines continue to kill and maim civilians long after the conflict has ended.
that the Philadelphia Bar Association:
- Urges Congress to pass appropriate legislation that would ban the manufacture, storage, sale and use of anti-personnel landmines.
- Calls upon the President to take appropriate executive action to ban the manufacture, storage, sale and use of anti-personnel landmines.
- Supports United States participation in international negotiations for the purpose of negotiating a ban on the manufacture, storage, sale and use of anti-personnel landmines.
PHILADELPHIA BAR ASSOCIATION
BOARD OF GOVERNORS
ADOPTED: December 19, 1996